THE ENERGY IN THE INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENTS

 

The energy efficiency in the industry is very important from the point of view of international competition power. In order to enhance the energy efficiency in the industry, researches are made in the fields such as; energy accounting, control systems, insulation, new technologies and industrial processes, raw material properties, product varieties and specifications, climatic conditions and environmental effects, capacity utilizations.

Furthermore, application and evaluation works to influence the electricity consumption in quantity and time aspects are underway. These works are named as demand management. Any one or several of the demand management works, that are carried out in three methods, could be applied jointly. The technical precautions that is one of the methods; include the fields like, high efficiency providing illumination, high efficiency motors, cooling systems, building insulation. Second method is the provision of the information and the lack of information of the consumers is eliminated by the prepared technical documents. Provision of information includes the subjects like; directing the works related to the reduction of the demand for energy in the centers of energy efficiency, to advise, to organize educational courses and seminars and the promotional works to encourage the utilization of equipment that consume the energy efficiently. The third and the most applied method is, to make different tariffs, to change the consumption structure and to price according to the time of utilization or the quantity of utilization (Ergen and Yildirim, 1997:28).


The precautions to be taken in the industry sector are as follows:

  • Changing of the fluorescent and mercury vapor bulbs to high pressure sodium bulbs, in the process illumination.
  • Adjust the climatization units in the sections of low personnel activity, in the night shift working establishments.
  • When not required, shut off exhaust fans, furnaces, motors etc.
  • Provide the compressor air inlets from the colder areas instead of hot equipment chambers.
  • The enhancement of the efficiency and paybacks are interesting.
  • The steam and compressed air leaks are very costly for the establishment. These must be determined by regular audits.
  • The careful monitoring of the excess air coefficient which is the heart of the combustion air, provides considerable energy savings.
  • Big savings can be achieved by improvement of the power factor according to the establishment tariff structure and power factor.
  • Considerable savings can be obtained by the insulation of the process lines and the tanks.
  • Especially when it is the case for new applications, utilization of energy efficient motors, amortizes itself in a short period of time.
  • In case the pressures had been designed redundantly, reduction of the pressure will not heat the process and great savings are in the picture.
  • In general the industrial installations are insufficiently insulated. Proper insulation means big savings.
  • In large compressors the heat discarded by air and water cooling, can be used in space heatings especially in winters, by suitable designs.
  • The plastic stripes, door buffers and air curtains help blocking the infiltration from the large entry doors.
  • The economizers provide optimum utilization of the outside air. The savings from their utilizations are great.
  • The payback from the radiant heaters utilized for the partial heating, instead of heating the whole spaces is attractive.
  • The closure of the heated open spaces leads to big energy savings.
  • The little modifications to be made in the timings of the equipment, reduces the demand loads considerably.
  • Spot climatization reduces the required climatized air quantity.

 

5TH REGION INCENTIVES FOR INVESTMENTS ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY
 
The Resolution of the Council of Ministers numbered: 2014/6058 that took effect upon publication in the Official Gazette dated: 9 May 2014 and numbered: 28995, resolved to incent some energy investments.
 
The energy investments to be incented:
-       Investments on energy efficiency to be realized in existent production industry plants with annual energy consumptions of minimally 500 TEP (petroleum equivalent in tons), that provide a minimum energy saving of 20% per unit and with maximum recycling times of 5 years.
-       Investments based on electricity production by the recycling of waste heat in a plant (excluding electricity production plants based on natural gas) .
-       This resolution will also benefit the liquefied natural gas (LNG) investments as well as subterranean natural gas storage investments with minimum amounts of 50 Million TL; and
Regardless of the region of investment, the AFORESAID SHALL BENEFIT FROM THE INCENTIVES PROVIDED TO THE 5TH REGION.
 
The 5th Region Incentives to be Benefited From:
-       Value Added Tax Exception,
-       Exemption from Customs Tax,
-       Tax Rebate,
-       Insurance premium employer share support,
-       Interest Support,
-       Allocation of an investment place,
 
Value Added Tax Exception:
Value added tax will not be paid for investment commodities, machinery & equipment that will be obtained domestically or from abroad within the scope of the incentive certificate.
 
Exemption from Customs Tax:
Customs tax will not be paid for investment commodities, machinery & equipment that will be obtained from abroad within the scope of the incentive certificate.
 
Tax Rebate:
Application of the income or the corporate tax with discount until it reaches the contribution amount envisaged for the investment (the contribution amount to investment for the 5th Region is 30%; the rebate ratio for the income or the corporate tax is 70%).
 
Insurance Premium Employer Share Support:
The employer’s insurance premium share, which should be paid for additional employment and which corresponds to minimum wage, shall be met by the Ministry.
 
Interest Support:
Interest Support represents a financial support provided for instrument credits, which have maturities of at least one year and which are utilized within the scope of the incentive certificate, and the Ministry will, up to 70% of the fixed investment amount registered in the incentive certificate, meet a certain portion of the interest or profit share that are to be paid for such credits utilized (five points in Turkish Liras for regional investments made in the 5th region and two points for foreign exchange credits and credits on foreign exchange index).
 
Allocation of an Investment Place:
Allocation of an investment place for investments for which an Incentive Certificate has been issued, and within framework of the principles and procedures established by the Ministry of Finance.
 
An “Investment Incentive Certificate” should be obtained for benefiting from such incentives.
Investors aspiring to benefit from the 5th region incentives in their Energy Efficiency investments can obtain detailed information from the Ministry of Economy, the General Directorate of Incentive Applications and Foreign Capital.